Series And Parallel Circuits Worksheet High School

R 4 is in series with the newly combined R 12 and their added value is 51. Mar 24, 2014 - Browse over 250 educational resources created by Innovative Teacher in the official Teachers Pay Teachers store. Oct 8, 2015 - parallel and series circuits for elementary school - Google Search. Data will vary, but should show consistency between groups collecting data at the same time. For the series circuit S2 measure the voltage drops across each light bulb and the battery again. Series and Parallel Circuits Series Circuits only one end of each component is connected e. After finding the value of this, we calculated the time constant in the series circuit, using the equation: ( 1. Design with our easy-to-use schematic editor. Compare this value with the power delivered by the power supply by recording the voltage and current on the power supply. I'm not a physics specialist, so I've tried to make it as straight forward as possible. Print off and complete the FLASHLIGHT EXTENSION worksheet 4. (Fullscreen is not functional) B43: Determination of e/m for electrons - Examine the motion of electrons in a magnetic field perpendicular to their velocity. What is the electric power consumed by the circuit? Use the equation: P = I x V 2. Characteristics. Simple Circuitry and Series Circuit Grades 3-4 Students will be able to demonstrate and describe a series circuit. It is important in real life to find out the current and voltages for any application. No school. Get your students excited about Circuits with these handouts, worksheets, activity, and quizzes that will help them gain a better understanding of series and parallel circuits. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Series And Parallel Circuit. If you know what to look for, it’ll become second nature. And now (c) we are left with R 124 in parallel with R 3. Circuit Position Voltage (V) Current (A) Resistance (Ω) 1 10. Once you find your worksheet, click on pop-out icon or print. List examples of sources that the voltage for any electrical circuit can come from. if there are no branches then it's a series circuit if there are branches it's a parallel circuit Series circuits In a television series, you get several episodes, one after the other. After all activities are completed and the worksheets are filled out, staple them together (use the checklist on the back of the last worksheet) and hand in to your teacher for grading. Calculating Equivalent Resistances in Series Circuits. A simulation is used to visualize electron flow through both circuit types. Design with our easy-to-use schematic editor. In reducing series-parallel circuits to their simplest form, the equivalent circuit is usually represented by a single resistor that is connected in parallel with the voltage source. Overview of Series-Parallel Circuits A series-parallel circuit, or combination circuit, combines both series and parallel connections. The students worked on the lab during the work session by building electrical circuits and filling out the corresponding lab worksheet. Record the voltages and currents through each part. A few examples of these include force, speed, velocity and work. Most electronic circuits fall into this category. Number Patterns and Functions. A buildup of an electric charge on an object 2. a) low-voltage areas to high-voltage areas b) insulators to conductors c) positive charges don’t flow d) low-resistance areas to high-resistance areas e) high-voltage areas to low-voltage areas Match each item in the left column with the correct item in the right column. 3 Calculating Electric Fields and Forces Unit 7: 19. The battery and cell in the. Ohm's law is represented by the equation I = V/R. Murray's worksheets incorporate notes with in-class practice and review. All the rules and laws learned in the study of DC circuits apply to AC circuits as well (Ohm's Law, Kirchhoff's Laws, network analysis methods), with the exception of power calculations (Joule's Law). Physical Science LAB Series and Parallel Circuits. Number Patterns – finding a common difference and writing an expression. S Solution Ammeter should be in series and Voltmeter in parallel. Finally, calculate the individual currents and voltages for each resistor. Parallel Circuit. In a parallel circuit, if one breaks, the rest of the circuit still works. Discuss what would happen if a resistor was not included in a circuit. Review the characteristics of voltage, amperage, and resistance in series and parallel circuits, showing how they are used when diagnosing electrical problems. Parallel Circuit Worksheet #1 Meets NATEF Task: (A6A2) Diagnose Electrical/Electronic Integrity for Series, Parallel, and SeriesParallel Circuits Using Principles of Electricity (Ohms Law). Series Circuits Series circuit: a circuit in which all parts are connected end to end to provide a single path for the current. Snacks about Electricity Grades Various A variety of experiments and activities that can be done with simple. = 2 The new circuit is B A C Figure 7: Equivalent circuit - Combining series and parallel circuits Labelled nodes are on the previous diagram. - Voltage laws in series circuits - Current laws in parallel circuits. Canton High School is located at 1110 W Hwy 243 Canton, TX 75103 Getting Started with Circuit Lab. From newspaper editorials to media advertisements to radio talk shows to the conversation in the break room, faulty reasoning is everywhere. Function Rules for tables. The most common types of reasoning is not deductive and inductive reasoning. The Series-Parallel Network Complex circuits May be separated both series and/or parallel elements Combinations which are neither series nor parallel To analyze a circuit Identify elements in series and elements in parallel For example: R 2, R 3, and R 4 are in parallel, Series with R 1 and R 5 R T = R 1 + (R 2 //R 3 //R 4) + R 5 C-C Tsai 3. After all activities are completed and the worksheets are filled out, staple them together (use the checklist on the back of the last worksheet) and hand in to your teacher for grading. Series and Parallel Circuits/Ohm's Law. Resistors in Series and Parallel Circuits (Using CCK simulation) Venu Kantamani Period 1 Learning. which one of the below circuit is properly connected with the electrical components a. Determine the equivalent (total) resistance for each of the following circuits below. Parallel circuits provide several different paths for the electrical current. Problem 1 Given three resistors shown below, Find the total resistance of A-B! Solution. 12 Current flow through a series circuit. This page contains links to more than 50 worksheets on basic electricity and DC circuits, plus many more on topics relating to AC circuits and digital electronics. And we'll just change it around a little bit to an easier, an easy way to remember it, and then we're gonna do a special case, where R one and R two are the same value. Physical Science LAB Series and Parallel Circuits. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Series And Parallel Circuit. This cannot happen in a broken circuit. * To be able explain how current and potential difference…. In a series circuit, the parts of the circuit are in a row, one after the other so current flows through them. SmartDraw comes with thousands of detailed electrical symbols you can drag and drop to your drawings and schematics. The purpose is the same: getting from point A to point B. Some of the worksheets displayed are Circuits work, Circuits work r, Simple circuits work, Electricity unit, Circuit a circuit b, Series and parallel circuits, Solving circuits work, Circuit work answers. 2 Harmonic Motion Graphs 20. Series-Parallel Circuits • Series-Parallel circuits can be more complex as in this case: In circuit (a) we have our original complex circuit. Determine the equivalent (total) resistance for each of the following circuits below. It's simple because the circuit is a single wire running from a battery to a bulb and back again. In a series circuit, the current remains constant and voltage-drops add together and in a parallel circuit the currents add together and voltage-drops are constant. Series-Parallel Circuits • Series-Parallel circuits can be more complex as in this case: In circuit (a) we have our original complex circuit. doc from PHYSICS SCI4445 at Bellaire High School. Resistors in Series and Parallel Circuits (Using CCK simulation) Venu Kantamani Period 1 Learning. Series-parallel circuits are typically used when different voltage and current values are required from the same voltage source. Ohm’s Law III—Resistors in Series and Parallel However, all wires that make connections and the connections themselves qualify as series resistance. Middle School; High School; Phonics; Fun Games; Math; Math Games; Math Worksheets; Algebra; Language Arts; Science; Take this quiz on parallel circuits to find. Location: Electricity - analogue Objective: * To know the difference between current, voltage (potential difference) and resistance. Start studying Physics Test: Current Electricity and Circuits. Electrical Parameters and Circuit Didactic lecture to students about engineering theory and applications through problem based learning. 2(a) illustrates two resistors connected in series and Fig. Series and Parallel Circuits. speed of sound problems. No school. We offer free science fair ideas suitable for every grade level, be it preschool, kindergarten, elementary school, middle school, or high school. Circuit A Circuit B, = 3 A CIRCUITS WORKSHEET 1. Quickly access your most used files AND your custom generated worksheets! Please login to your account or become a member and join our community today to utilize this helpful feature. Cover Letter Worksheet For High School Students. 33 A is the magnitude of the current flowing through the first device. Combination circuits worksheet with answers. Christmas tree lights Parallel Circuits both ends of a component are connected e. Students will work hard to memorize the rules without really comprehending why the rules are true, and therefore often fail to recall or apply the rules properly. Series Circuit HW Problem #2 Parallel Circuits worksheet. Assignment: none. In the last part of your question, you asked about series-parallel circuits. R parallel, and we found that one over R parallel is one over R one plus one over R two. No installation required! Launch it instantly with one click. Hewitt Mainland High School. Snacks about Electricity Grades Various A variety of experiments and activities that can be done with simple. ) Oct 23 – Resistance Worksheet ANSWERS (These are the answers to the worksheet listed above. A closed conducting loop through which an electric current can flow. In a series circuit, the parts of the circuit are in a row, one after the other so current flows through them. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Erosion Weathering. This does however mean that the voltage, or potential difference, is the same across all components connected in parallel. A resource that was initiated as a resource for local high school physics teachers whom I had taught has expanded into an intensively used website worldwide. Series and Parallel Circuits Series Circuit In series circuits, all components are connected end-to-end to form only one path for electrons to flow through the circuit: Voltage drops add to equal total voltage. Jan 2, 2017 - Electrical Circuits Anchor Chart - Use these mini anchor charts to help teach Science TEK 4. Current, which is the flow of electrons in a circuit, can be carried through wires, barriers, and any functional pieces of circuits, like lights. Calculate the current through each bulb in the parallel circuit using Ohm’s law, the measured voltages from the parallel circuit and the bulb resistances calculated in the previous question. The Word versions can be downloaded by browsing for each activity. Parallel Circuit 11. Students perform experiments using two different types of circuit arrangements: series and parallel circuits. ***Note*** Series/Parallel Worksheets w/ problems set #2 are a single minor grade. Circuit 1 R1 R2 R3 Vtotal R I V R1 3 Ω 1 3 Vtotal = 9 v R2 3 Ω 1 3 Itotal = 1 R3 3 Ω 1 3 Rtotal = 9 Circuit 2 Vtotal R1 R2 R3 R I V. If you know what to look for, it’ll become second nature. Pupils must make and compare a Series Curcuit and a Parallel Circuit, and then record their findings. The electric power consumed by a circuit with one light bulb is 3 W. Electric Circuits Worksheet/Answer key. Here is a lab for middle school on Series and Parallel Circuits. Circuit Worksheet Answers side 1 For each of the given circuits, calculate the equivalent resistance. a series circuit is a circuit that has bulbs that are DC circuits - 1. Compare this value with the power delivered by the power supply by recording the voltage and current on the power supply. resolving circuit diagrams. "how to construct series circuits on the basis of drawings and diagrams. (These are only very simple parallel or series circuits. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Farleo Power in Parallel Circuits Worksheet Power in Series Worksheet Power in Series Voice Over. Ohms law: Gloves and Toasters; Voltage, Current: 24,000 volt schocker! Parallel, Series: To share or not to share. • construct simple to more complicated series and parallel circuits • explain the difference between a series and parallel circuit. Some of the worksheets displayed are Series and parallel circuits, Series and parallel circuits, Circuits work r, 2712, Series and parallel circuits, Electricity unit, Series parallel dc circuits, Circuits work. 6 (9 ratings) Course Ratings are calculated from individual students’ ratings and a variety of other signals, like age of rating and reliability, to ensure that they reflect course quality fairly and accurately. Static Electricity. Components connected in parallel have identical voltage, but different current. Series Circuit 13. Worksheet: Paul G. Theory In the previous experiment, you constructed 4 circuits, each circuit built with one resistive element. Series or parallel circuit Analyze each circuit and label it as series if the current flows through a single path and parallel if it flows through more than one path, in this identify the series and parallel circuit pdf worksheet for 4th grade and 5th grade students. Lines connect fuses, switches, capacitors, inductors, and more. CASTLE instruction gives priority to development of qualitative reasoning skills. Making Traffic Light Project Electrical. Sometimes, a series-parallel circuit can be broken into series parts and parallel parts. lab 3 questions pdf unit 12 worksheets (waves) speed sound lab. The 40 watt bulb and the 100 watt bulb are connected in series to the battery. On this quiz/worksheet, you'll be faced with questions concerning things such as series and parallel circuits as well as their relationship. For this circuits worksheet, students construct a circuit diagram for a parallel circuit and then complete a voltage diagram for that circuit. Series and Parallel circuits lesson plan template and teaching resources. They investigate the effect of the length of wire in a circuit, compare series and parallel circuits and finally face some circuit challenges! The lessons are: * Circuit revision * Circuit diagrams * Circuit. For example, in the following circuit: let R1 = 30 Ohms, R2 = 10 Ohms, R3 = 40 Ohms and R4 = 20 Ohms. In this experiment, you will construct circuits using multiple resistors. 2: Can't figure out how to connect the all of. voltage and current lab. Combination circuits worksheet with answers. Five differentiated worksheets (with detailed solutions) that allow students to take the first steps, then strengthen and extend their skills in working out bearings from diagrams. ☑ Discuss the distribution of voltage and current in series and parallel circuits. Number Patterns – finding a common difference and writing an expression. series amp parallel circuit class exercises, electronics series circuits aptitude questions and answers, series and parallel circuit worksheet with answers by, series circuit problems episode 903 answer key pdf amazon s3, series circuit problems episode 903 answers key pdf, 2712 1 page 1 name series and parallel circuits, series circuit problems episode 903 answer key pdf, series dc circuits. A Trivia Quiz On Electrical Circuits! - ProProfs Quiz. 2) The second worksheet deals with the second part of the statement shown above, i. Also explore over 51 similar quizzes in this category. Series-parallel DC circuits This worksheet and all related files are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, In a series circuit, certain general rules may be stated with regard to quantities of voltage, current, In this series-parallel circuit, resistors R1 and R2 are in series with each other, but resistor R3 is. Part 1: Answer the following questions (20 points) Name and describe the components needed to make a complete circuit. Then, calculate the total current. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. doppler effect worksheet pdf. R 4 is in series with the newly combined R 12 and their added value is 51. The Examples of High School Physics Problems and Solutions : Resistances in Series-Parallel (Grade 10) and how to find total resistance of 12 identic resistors that forming a cube. S Solution Ammeter should be in series and Voltmeter in parallel. Series and Parallel Circuits/Ohm's Law. His transmission shaft kept breaking until he managed to have an cooling port EDM'ed into the drive shaft. Mar 2, 2017 - I am just starting to teach my younger girls about electricity and circuits. ) Oct 23 – Resistance Worksheet ANSWERS (These are the answers to the worksheet listed above. Intro to Resistors and Using a Multimeter mini-lab Middle/High School - 4 Academy St Forestville, NY 14062. Incorporate these electricity worksheets to learn about the power source, open, close, series and parallel circuits, conductors, insulators, charges and more! Math Worksheets 4 Kids What's New Steam Activities Science Activities Activities For Kids Science Experiments High School Stem Activities Kids Team Building Activities Building For Kids. Each table shows the current through each resistor, the voltage across each resistor, and the power dissipated as heat in each resistor. Reading A Map Worksheet High. Ammeters are always placed. Series-Parallel Circuits • Series-Parallel circuits can be more complex as in this case: In circuit (a) we have our original complex circuit. Components connected in parallel have identical voltage, but different current. There are two basic kinds of electrical circuits, parallel and series. A resource that was initiated as a resource for local high school physics teachers whom I had taught has expanded into an intensively used website worldwide. This page contains links to more than 50 worksheets on basic electricity and DC circuits, plus many more on topics relating to AC circuits and digital electronics. This week we have added a new blog post to our blog series #FreeToolTips. In a series circuit there is just one path so the charge. Patterns and Functions Worksheet. The Series and Parallel Circuits activity encourages students to test two different circuit designs through the use of low voltage light bulbs. Series Circuits Parallel Circuits Resistance and Temperature of a Thermistor: Solid State Mapping Magnetic Fields Strength of a Magnetic Field Magnetic Field of the Earth Speed of Sound (Mach I) Pulses and Standing Waves Law of Reflection and Image Location Images of Spherical Mirrors Wave Images in a Ripple Tank Wavelength by Interference in. series circuit a. Each student will be able to understand that many people choose. Notice the voltmeter has leads in the COM and V ports and is connected from one side of the resistors to the other side. Overview of Series-Parallel Circuits A series-parallel circuit, or combination circuit, combines both series and parallel connections. The materials needed are as follows:Materials: 2 light bulbs attached to holdersC-batteryD-battery4-5 wiresStudents will also be required to draw pictures of their circuits and answer questions pertaining to them. This item is a one-day high school lab investigation of factors causing short circuits in both series and parallel circuits. 2 Harmonic Motion Graphs 20. Theory In the previous experiment, you constructed 4 circuits, each circuit built with one resistive element. In a series circuit, the parts of the circuit are in a row, one after the other so current flows through them. The calculated time constant came out to be 102. Parallel Circuit 11. ) Oct 23 – Resistance Worksheet ANSWERS (These are the answers to the worksheet listed above. Most electronic circuits fall into this category. Oct 30 – Series & Parallel Circuit Worksheet (The students are to work on this worksheet today using the resources listed above. Intro to Resistors and Using a Multimeter mini-lab Middle/High School - 4 Academy St Forestville, NY 14062. Location: Electricity - analogue Objective: * To know the difference between current, voltage (potential difference) and resistance. Once you find your worksheet, click on pop-out icon or print. How much current is in a circuit that includes a 9-volt battery and a bulb with a resistance of 3 ohms? 2. The same worksheet was given to both. Note and discuss the impact to the fan speed. Series Circuit HW Problem #2 Parallel Circuits worksheet. Also current flows from + to -. Plan your 60-minute lesson in resistance or circuits (Electricity) with helpful tips from Jameson Parker. Science in the Elementary and Middle School Years – Free Homeschool Checklist – K to 8 When I’m planning our units for the upcoming year, I think a lot about the science topics should we cover in our homeschool by the time they finish 8th grade. Determine the equivalent (total) resistance for each of the following circuits below. 10) measure the voltage drop. SAC Bylaw Sample - Junior High School (Co-chairs & other designated representation) SAC Bylaw Sample - Junior/Senior High School (Diverse parent/guardian representation) School Advisory Council - Annual Report Template. for the following combinations of cells. In a series circuit, the current remains constant and voltage-drops add together and in a parallel circuit the currents add together and voltage-drops are constant. The Word versions can be downloaded by browsing for each activity. No school. Total Amps in a parallel circuit can be measured in a branch F 20. Intro Music Atrib. Mar 2, 2017 - I am just starting to teach my younger girls about electricity and circuits. Simple, labelled worksheet I made for a KS4 physics class. 1 The Inverse Square Law 18. Concepts Learnt: - series circuit - parallel circuit - short-circuit Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. You can also use standard light bulbs and alligator. Insert the wires of these leads into the circuit board across the three resistors in series with the two multimeters set to voltage (V) and current (A) as shown in the Figures 6 and 7. Determine the equivalent (total) resistance for each of the following circuits below. Note: Page 59 in the Electrical Code Simplified Book will help students to understand how many devices are permitted per circuit and their electrical symbols. Characteristics. On this quiz/worksheet, you'll be faced with questions concerning things such as series and parallel circuits as well as their relationship. For example, how can you make a pencil with a built-in light bulb? Use the materials to make this invention. About This Quiz & Worksheet Two types of electrical circuits are parallel and series. Determine the total voltage (electric potential) for each of the following circuits below. combo series and parallel 4. Katherine Richard. About This Quiz & Worksheet. The following equations show equivalent series and parallel connections for resistor-only, capacitor-only, and inductor-only combinations. A complete circuit contains two parallel-connected devices and a generator for providing the electromotive force. Klasse Für Das Klassenzimmer Geldspiele Für Erwachsene Zählen 3 Grade Mathe-Spiele Online C00l Math Coole Mathe-Wortsuche Double Digit Multiplication Problems Fourth Grade Math Area Worksheets Teachers Worksheets For Kids Teachers Worksheets For Kids Adding Tens To A 2 Digit Number History Reading Comprehension. Series-parallel circuits are typically used when different voltage and current values are required from the same voltage source. However, underlying all of these systems at a fundamental level is the operation of DC circuits. We hope this picture will be certainly one of excellent resource for biology 23 carbon compounds worksheet answers or chemistry archive january 03 2018. unit 11 worksheets (electricity) electrical current worksheet. In a series circuit, the current remains constant and voltage-drops add together and in a parallel circuit the currents add together and voltage-drops are constant. This is a 10 lesson unit that is designed to cover the Australian National Curriculum for Year 6 Physical Science. Students that actually read the front of the worksheets are able to complete the back of the worksheet and the homework. And now (c) we are left with R 124 in parallel with R 3. Series-parallel DC circuits This worksheet and all related files are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, version 1. Try this amazing Electrical Circuits Exam! 5th Grade Science Quiz quiz which has been attempted 2432 times by avid quiz takers. Pairs of Angles. The downside to this scheme is that the parallel currents can add up to dangerously high levels. Materials: (a) Hewitt 1. A few examples of these include force, speed, velocity and work. Students build each circuit and then are asked questions. Magnetism Magnetic Field Mapping Earth Magnetic Field Magnetic Field Created by an Electric Current 14. Patterns and Functions Worksheet. • Ask students to create a new invention with their circuit. 12 Current flow through a series circuit. Series & parallel circuits There are two types of circuit we can make, called series and parallel. pdf (49k) Matt Trask, Mar 7, 2012, 9:15 PM. The Examples of High School Physics Problems and Solutions : Resistances in Series-Parallel (Grade 10) and how to find total resistance of 12 identic resistors that forming a cube. Making Circuit using PhET Simulation. 2(b) shows the resistors in a parallel arrangement. Resistor circuits that combine series and parallel resistors networks together are generally known as Resistor Combination or mixed resistor circuits. In circuit (b) we have resistors R 1 and R 2 combined to get 13. The lab materials are readily accessible and inexpensive to obtain. Complete the circuit for fog lamps using a relay that only allows the lamps to turn on when low beam headlamps are on. Total resistance in a parallel circuit adds all the loads F 16. These arrangements are called series and parallel circuits. Electricity can only flow through a closed circuit; it cannot flow through an open circuit. GCSE Physics Worksheets - Forces, Motion and Energy Jobs Jobs home UK International Australia Primary / Elementary Secondary / High school Careers advice Tes for schools. Students perform experiments using two different types of circuit arrangements: series and parallel circuits. The most common types of reasoning is not deductive and inductive reasoning. Series Circuit HW Problem #2 Parallel Circuits worksheet. Tell whether each circuit is a series circuit or a parallel circuit. Series and Parallel Circuits. Circuit Position Voltage (V) Current (A) Resistance (Ω) 1 10. Vocabulary: Define these words on a sheet of paper or in your science notebook. Middle School Electricity: Students define, draw, and put together both series and parallel circuits then complete a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast. CIRCUITS LABORATORY EXPERIMENT 1 DC Circuits – Measurement and Analysis 1. They are intended to be self-teaching workbooks that even students before high school can study. It was based on series dc circuits and parallel dc circuits. Scherman 3. A simulation is used to visualize electron flow through both circuit types. Series and Parallel Circuits 2. Lead Acid Battery. combo series and parallel 4. The worksheets offer electricity and lesson plans, and there is also a free online circuit lesson from Brainpop. Other manuals in this series include Semiconductor Devices (diodes, bipolar transistors and FETs), Operational Amplifiers & Linear Integrated Circuits, Computer Programming with Python™ and Multisim™, and Embedded Controllers Using C and Arduino. Some of the worksheets displayed are Series and parallel circuits, Series and parallel circuits, Circuits work r, 2712, Series and parallel circuits, Electricity unit, Series parallel dc circuits, Circuits work. E7B: Series/Parallel Resistors - Examine the resistance of resistors connected individually, in series, and in parallel. Series and Parallel Circuits/Ohm's Law. Jobs Jobs home UK International Australia Primary / Elementary Secondary / High. " The children should look at each circuit diagram in turn, and decide whether they think the bulb will light or not. Animated PowerPoint (18 slides) that may be used to introduce electric circuits for Grade 8. doc from PHYSICS SCI4445 at Bellaire High School. A first look at a circuit diagram may be confusing, but if you can read a subway map, you can read schematics. Mar 2, 2017 - I am just starting to teach my younger girls about electricity and circuits. a) low-voltage areas to high-voltage areas b) insulators to conductors c) positive charges don’t flow d) low-resistance areas to high-resistance areas e) high-voltage areas to low-voltage areas Match each item in the left column with the correct item in the right column. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Some of the worksheets displayed are Circuits work, Circuits work r, Simple circuits work, Electricity unit, Circuit a circuit b, Series and parallel circuits, Solving circuits work, Circuit work answers. Science Classroom Teaching Science Science Education Teaching Ideas 8th Grade Science High School Science Science Activities Science. , Milwauke e, WI 53222 -3219 This FPEF curriculum is designed to be used in conjunction with a pneumatic trainer capable of. From newspaper editorials to media advertisements to radio talk shows to the conversation in the break room, faulty reasoning is everywhere. Circuit A Circuit B, = 3 A CIRCUITS WORKSHEET 1. Components connected in parallel have identical voltage, but different current. Series and Parallel Circuits Student Worksheet: Instructions You are the engineer! You need to design a system where one switch can turn on multiple lights! An example might be a string of holiday lights. It's simple because the circuit is a single wire running from a battery to a bulb and back again. • construct simple to more complicated series and parallel circuits • explain the difference between a series and parallel circuit. Find the correct values for the four circuits given below and put your answers in the tables provided. 1 Standing Waves. The components in a circuit are joined by wires. Lead Acid Battery. Calculate the current. 2) The second worksheet deals with the second part of the statement shown above, i. Katherine Richard. Parallel Circuit. Series components form a series. Parallel circuits provide several different paths for the electrical current. Students perform experiments using two different types of circuit arrangements: series and parallel circuits. I’m not a physics specialist, so I’ve tried to make it as straight forward as possible. a series circuit is a circuit that has bulbs that are DC circuits - 1. Apply KCL at node A. No school. The Series-Parallel Network Complex circuits May be separated both series and/or parallel elements Combinations which are neither series nor parallel To analyze a circuit Identify elements in series and elements in parallel For example: R 2, R 3, and R 4 are in parallel, Series with R 1 and R 5 R T = R 1 + (R 2 //R 3 //R 4) + R 5 C-C Tsai 3. Quick Facts: – Ampere is the unit of measuring electric current. "how to construct series circuits on the basis of drawings and diagrams. From the way that the battery is connected, we can tell in which direction the current will flow. Electric Circuits. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Series And Parallel Circuit. Check out a circuit building kit from Mrs. The homework site for teachers!. This loop should be made up of some conductive material. Series and Parallel Circuits: Description This is a good "review" of concepts pertaining to current and voltage in series and parallel circuits; yet an introduction to power in circuits. For our series battery bank, one fuse will suffice to protect the wiring from excessive current, since any break in a series circuit stops current through all parts of the circuit: With a parallel battery bank, one fuse is adequate for protecting the wiring against load overcurrent (between the parallel-connected batteries and the load), but we. Students begin with revision of simple circuits before gaining lots of hands on experience with symbols, diagrams and incomplete circuits. Teacher Resource Documents (attached). In a series circuit there is just one path so the charge. Every circuit MUST have the following parts: 1. Parallel and Series Circuits 4. Electricity can only flow through a closed circuit; it cannot flow through an open circuit. A 15 A circuit operating at 120 V consumes 1,800 W of total power. Then, calculate the total current. im a 4th year student from mindanao state university- iligan institute of technology , Philippines and i am now starting my thesis proposal. S Solution Ammeter should be in series and Voltmeter in parallel. Materials needed include insulated wires (with only the ends exposed), a battery for each group, and 2 light bulbs per group. Explain how the current would change if the amount of resistance decreased and the voltage. Klasse Für Das Klassenzimmer Geldspiele Für Erwachsene Zählen 3 Grade Mathe-Spiele Online C00l Math Coole Mathe-Wortsuche Double Digit Multiplication Problems Fourth Grade Math Area Worksheets Teachers Worksheets For Kids Teachers Worksheets For Kids Adding Tens To A 2 Digit Number History Reading Comprehension. • use symbols to draw the different circuits they created. Corrections to circuits worksheets will not be accepted. Physics Worksheets and Study Guides High School. Series: at every node there is only one path for current to flow. Name Date Fill series parallel circuit worksheet 1 answer key: Try Risk Free. Series or parallel circuit Analyze each circuit and label it as series if the current flows through a single path and parallel if it flows through more than one path, in this identify the series and parallel circuit pdf worksheet for 4th grade and 5th grade students. Electric Circuits Worksheet/Answer key. Series-parallel DC circuits This worksheet and all related files are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, In a series circuit, certain general rules may be stated with regard to quantities of voltage, current, In this series-parallel circuit, resistors R1 and R2 are in series with each other, but resistor R3 is. And now (c) we are left with R 124 in parallel with R 3. Analysis Methods for Complex Circuits When dealing with complicated circuits, such as circuits with many loops and many nodes, you can use a few tricks to simplify the analysis. Parallel Circuits and Ohm’s Law Page 46 ACTIVITIES In this activity, you will learn to build a parallel circuit. It's faulty reasoning. Parallel circuits are set up so that the current has an independent path to take through. Series and Parallel circuits lesson plan template and teaching resources. How to solve physics problems: our good friend the triangle and the doodle. SERIES AND PARALLEL CIRCUITS ELECTRIC CIRCUITS An electric circuit provides a complete, closed path for an electric current. Parallel And Series Circuits Worksheet,. After all activities are completed and the worksheets are filled out, staple them together (use the checklist on the back of the last worksheet) and hand in to your teacher for grading. Answer: 52: How does Current change for Components in a Parallel Circuit? Answer: 53: How do you calculate the Current in each Branch of a Parallel Circuit? Answer: 54: How do you calculate the Total Current for Components in a Parallel Circuit. In a parallel circuit, each device is connected in a manner such that a single charge passing through the circuit will only pass through one of the resistors. Assignment: none. The most common types of reasoning is not deductive and inductive reasoning. Science · High school physics · DC Circuits · Series and parallel resistors Calculating equivalent resistance for series and parallel resistors Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. No school. Magnetism Magnetic Field Mapping Earth Magnetic Field Magnetic Field Created by an Electric Current 14. Resistor circuits that combine series and parallel resistors networks together are generally known as Resistor Combination or mixed resistor circuits. battery model 2. One Lincoln Drive Cresskill, NJ 07626 Cresskill Middle School. Hewitt Mainland High School. 4 Several identical cells are used to connect up circuits. The homework site for teachers!. Insert the wires of these leads into the circuit board across the three resistors in series with the two multimeters set to voltage (V) and current (A) as shown in the Figures 6 and 7. Series Circuit 13. You can see the major parts through the clear body of the tube. Investigate qualitatively and quantitatively series and parallel circuits to relate the flow of current through the individual components, the potential differences across those components and the rate of energy conversion by the components to the laws of conservation of charge and energy, by deriving the following relationships: (ACSPH038. Parallel circuits are set up so that the current has an independent path to take through. In this series-parallel circuit, resistors R1 and R2 are in series with each other, but resistor R3 is neither in series nor in parallel with either R1 or R2: R1 R2 R3 Normally, the first step in mathematically analyzing a circuit such as this is to determine the total circuit resistance. This is because there is only one path for electrons to flow in a series circuit. Klasse Für Das Klassenzimmer Geldspiele Für Erwachsene Zählen 3 Grade Mathe-Spiele Online C00l Math Coole Mathe-Wortsuche Double Digit Multiplication Problems Fourth Grade Math Area Worksheets Teachers Worksheets For Kids Teachers Worksheets For Kids Adding Tens To A 2 Digit Number History Reading Comprehension. Answer: 52: How does Current change for Components in a Parallel Circuit? Answer: 53: How do you calculate the Current in each Branch of a Parallel Circuit? Answer: 54: How do you calculate the Total Current for Components in a Parallel Circuit. Process of rearranging electrons on a neutral object by bringing a charged object close to it. Total Amps in a parallel circuit can be measured in a branch F 20. Each table shows the current through each resistor, the voltage across each resistor, and the power dissipated as heat in each resistor. Once you find your worksheet, click on pop-out icon or print. Here is a lab for middle school on Series and Parallel Circuits. Introduce basic wiring diagram symbols. Middle School Electricity: Students define, draw, and put together both series and parallel circuits then complete a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast. Worksheet: Circuits & Ohm’s Law CHAPTER 35: SERIES AND PARALLEL CIRCUITS Directions: Answer the following questions based on reading from Chapter 23 (pgs. Students perform experiments using two different types of circuit arrangements: series and parallel circuits. Do you think holiday lights are an example of parallel or series bulbs in a circuit? Explain why: 2. However, a trend I have noticed in many students is the habit of memorizing rather than understanding these rules. For example, how can you make a pencil with a built-in light bulb? Use the materials to make this invention. This is because there is only one path for electrons to flow in a series circuit. 00 Questions 6 and 7 refer to the following: The diagram to the right represents an electric circuit consisting of four resistors and a 12-volt battery. Determine the total voltage (electric potential) for each of the following circuits below. Investigate qualitatively and quantitatively series and parallel circuits to relate the flow of current through the individual components, the potential differences across those components and the rate of energy conversion by the components to the laws of conservation of charge and energy, by deriving the following relationships: (ACSPH038. Parallel Circuits and Ohm’s Law Page 46 ACTIVITIES In this activity, you will learn to build a parallel circuit. Discuss what would happen if a resistor was not included in a circuit. Overview of Series-Parallel Circuits A series-parallel circuit, or combination circuit, combines both series and parallel connections. Circuit Lab is a Division C and Division B event for the 2020 season. Oct 8, 2015 - parallel and series circuits for elementary school - Google Search. Each cell has e. Electricity Web Quest - High School.  This resource addresses the following standards: TEKS Science 4. A circuit is a path that electricity flows along. A complete circuit contains two parallel-connected devices and a generator for providing the electromotive force. CD or DVD versions have been sent to 86 countries to date, and translations into German, Italian, Chinese, and Español have been licensed and are underway. I told the grade 12’s (TEJ4M) that they would be modelling a simple circuit, series circuit, a parallel circuit, a parallel & series circuit, 3 resistors & 3 LED’s, a simple circuit with a button and the 7 segment LED (7 Segment LED Configuration – the students can go to this link to help them connect their 7 segment LED to their. series circuit a. Data will vary, but should show consistency between groups collecting data at the same time. Then, calculate the total current. Snacks about Electricity Grades Various A variety of experiments and activities that can be done with simple. Primary-school children also learn about simple series electrical circuits. A companion laboratory manual for AC electrical circuits is also available. Series And Parallel Circuits Worksheet High School Mathe-Spiele Der 2. No installation required! Launch it instantly with one click. Thus, doing the math for series circuits is easier using resistance and doing math for parallel circuits is easier using conductance: R1 R2 R3 R1 R2 R3. Calculate the current through each bulb in the parallel circuit using Ohm’s law, the measured voltages from the parallel circuit and the bulb resistances calculated in the previous question. speed of sound problems. Your series. So the same current passes through every circuit element, the voltage is divided across them. Characteristics of a Resistor. This resource is also included in the Year 9 Physics PDF Workbook. Literally, a circuit is the path that allows electricity to flow. 4 Series Circuits. R 4 is in series with the newly combined R 12 and their added value is 51. In a series circuit there is just one path so the charge. Series-Parallel Circuits • Series-Parallel circuits can be more complex as in this case: In circuit (a) we have our original complex circuit. The set of two 2 ohm resistors will combine to 4 ohms because they are in series. with Circuit Design Problems for the FPEF Trainer Prepared by: John Prisciandaro and Dan Butchko, Birmingham Public Schools, Birmingham, Michigan Sponsored by: Fluid Power Educational Foundation, 3333 North Mayfair Rd. Oct 8, 2015 - parallel and series circuits for elementary school - Google Search. The example circuit created in this tutorial offers a scavenger hunt with a very straightforward and basic approach to resistance calculations. if there are no branches then it's a series circuit if there are branches it's a parallel circuit Series circuits In a television series, you get several episodes, one after the other. Simple worksheet for Special Populations. It is also used in the reduction of complex electrical circuits using Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law and Kirchhoff’s Current law equation. In this series-parallel circuit, resistors R1 and R2 are in series with each other, but resistor R3 is neither in series nor in parallel with either R1 or R2: Normally, the first step in mathematically analyzing a circuit such as this is to determine the total circuit resistance. Design with our easy-to-use schematic editor. E7B: Series/Parallel Resistors - Examine the resistance of resistors connected individually, in series, and in parallel. Science in the Elementary and Middle School Years – Free Homeschool Checklist – K to 8 When I’m planning our units for the upcoming year, I think a lot about the science topics should we cover in our homeschool by the time they finish 8th grade. I was looking through my files and I came across some of the worksheets I created 5 years ago for my son. So the same current passes through every circuit element, the voltage is divided across them. Electric Circuits. About This Quiz & Worksheet Two types of electrical circuits are parallel and series. For example, in the following circuit: let R1 = 30 Ohms, R2 = 10 Ohms, R3 = 40 Ohms and R4 = 20 Ohms. Refer to Figure 13 and measure V AB, V BC, and V CA around the circuit with the switch closed. The purpose is the same: getting from point A to point B. Includes current, potential difference, resistance as well as series and parallel circuits. • use symbols to draw the different circuits they created. 00 Questions 6 and 7 refer to the following: The diagram to the right represents an electric circuit consisting of four resistors and a 12-volt battery. Now, construct both a series circuit and a parallel circuit using the batteries, wires, and bulbs provided to you. Have groups work together to create a series circuit and a parallel circuit. ☑ Compare the brightness of light bulbs in series and parallel circuits containing multiple bulbs. Resistors in Series and Parallel Circuits (Using CCK simulation) Venu Kantamani Period 1 Learning. · Worksheets Used in Class: electricity crossword puzzle, Ohm Law Practice, Chapter 20 and 21 Electricity and Magnetism Review Lab: static electricity lab , Series and Parallel Circuit Lab , Electromagnets_Lab. The current flow is expected to be uniform throughout the series circuits, but will be stronger through the smaller resistor in the parallel circuits. Displaying all worksheets related to - Calculating Voltage. I-V curves should show similarity between groups, and be labeled and titled correctly. my proposal's title is "Teaching Series - Parallel Circuit Using Circuit Tricks and Games on High School Students". Overview of Series-Parallel Circuits A series-parallel circuit, or combination circuit, combines both series and parallel connections. Electricity - Parallel Circuits: 51: Draw a Circuit with three Resistors connected in Parallel. The same goes for components - if they are hooked up in series vs. Series and Parallel Circuits/Ohm's Law. Oct 30 – Series & Parallel Circuit Worksheet (The students are to work on this worksheet today using the resources listed above. Middle/High School - 4 Academy St Forestville, NY 14062. 4 Several identical cells are used to connect up circuits. Electric Circuits: resistors in series and parallel Rotate to landscape screen format on a mobile phone or small tablet to use the Mathway widget, a free math problem solver that answers your questions with step-by-step explanations. Students begin with revision of simple circuits before gaining lots of hands on experience with symbols, diagrams and incomplete circuits. Murray's worksheets incorporate notes with in-class practice and review. Pupils must make and compare a Series Curcuit and a Parallel Circuit, and then record their findings. Electricty and the Mains. ☑ Compare the brightness of light bulbs in series and parallel circuits containing multiple bulbs. R parallel, and we found that one over R parallel is one over R one plus one over R two. resolving circuit diagrams. Christmas tree lights Parallel Circuits both ends of a component are connected e. This loop should be made up of some conductive material. A circuit can be considered open or closed depending on whether current can pass through the circuit. It's simple because the circuit is a single wire running from a battery to a bulb and back again. Series components form a series. No prior knowledge of electricity is required, making the curriculum accessible to students in all levels of high school physics. Parallel circuits are set up so that the current has an independent path to take through. Determine the equivalent (total) resistance for each of the following circuits below. Components connected in series have identical current, but different voltage. After reading this section you will be able to do the following: Explain how a circuit is formed. Check out the newly added section for Social Skills Worksheets as suggested by our patrons! #ComingUpSoon – We have come up with a series of worksheets on the high-school electives, general subjects, and. Worksheet: Circuits & Ohm’s Law CHAPTER 35: SERIES AND PARALLEL CIRCUITS Directions: Answer the following questions based on reading from Chapter 23 (pgs. I’m not a physics specialist, so I’ve tried to make it as straight forward as possible. Primary-school children also learn about simple series electrical circuits. Process of rearranging electrons on a neutral object by bringing a charged object close to it. parallel, they will behave differently. • know the difference between a closed circuit and an open circuit. 2 Parallel Circuits 14. A few examples of these include force, speed, velocity and work. The purpose is the same: getting from point A to point B. 2: Can't figure out how to connect the all of. Printer Friendly Version Worksheet: Paul G. series circuit problems episode 903 answers key. unit 11 worksheets (electricity) electrical current worksheet. It applies both the AC and DC circuits. Series components form a series. About This Quiz & Worksheet. The same worksheet was given to both. This is a fun and engaging way to practice determining the difference between series circuits and parallel circuits! Students will read a sentence and decide if it is describing a series circuit or parallel circuit, then glue the box in the correct column. Primary-school children also learn about simple series electrical circuits. A battery is the major components of an electric circuit which acts as a power source. Tell whether each circuit is a series circuit or a parallel circuit. 2(a) illustrates two resistors connected in series and Fig.  This resource addresses the following standards: TEKS Science 4. Resistors in Series and Parallel Circuits (Using CCK simulation) Venu Kantamani Period 1 Learning. Series Circuit HW Problem #2 Parallel Circuits worksheet. Then, calculate the total current. A circuit contains a 1. Students will be able to write expression for number patterns and function rules for tables. Circuit Position Voltage (V) Current (A) Resistance (Ω) 1 10. Mar 24, 2014 - Browse over 250 educational resources created by Innovative Teacher in the official Teachers Pay Teachers store. equipment design, series and parallel. Compare and contrast a series and parallel circuit. series circuits. Voltage Difference ₊ Process of transferring charge between objects by touching or rubbing. Quiz-Circuits 2. View Notes - WorksheetSeriesandParallel from PHYSICS electro at Geneseo High School. 3 Calculating Electric Fields and Forces Unit 7: 19. Logged in members can use the Super Teacher Worksheets filing cabinet to save their favorite worksheets. parallel circuits. There are two types of electrical circuit, parallel circuits and series circuits. I'm not a physics specialist, so I've tried to make it as straight forward as possible. Circuit Position Voltage (V) Current (A) Resistance (Ω) 1 10. Hewitt Mainland High School. Parallel Circuit. Compare this value with the power delivered by the power supply by recording the voltage and current on the power supply. R eq = _____ R eq = _____ R eq = _____ 2. Lead Acid Battery. Worksheets are Resistance calculations work, Unit 13 voltage current and resistance, Circuits work r, Series and parallel circuits, Voltage current and resistance, Voltage divider circuits ac electric circuits work, Current electricity basics work, Guide for arc flash hazard calculations. Series Circuits Parallel Circuits Resistance and Temperature of a Thermistor: Solid State Mapping Magnetic Fields Strength of a Magnetic Field Magnetic Field of the Earth Speed of Sound (Mach I) Pulses and Standing Waves Law of Reflection and Image Location Images of Spherical Mirrors Wave Images in a Ripple Tank Wavelength by Interference in. With a basis in understanding a force field and how to calculate and monitor electric potentials, students will diagram, construct, and interpret electric circuits. Series-parallel DC circuits This worksheet and all related files are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, In a series circuit, certain general rules may be stated with regard to quantities of voltage, current, In this series-parallel circuit, resistors R1 and R2 are in series with each other, but resistor R3 is. The lab materials are readily accessible and inexpensive to obtain. SAC Bylaw Sample - Junior High School (Co-chairs & other designated representation) SAC Bylaw Sample - Junior/Senior High School (Diverse parent/guardian representation) School Advisory Council - Annual Report Template. if there are no branches then it's a series circuit if there are branches it's a parallel circuit Series circuits In a television series, you get several episodes, one after the other. List examples of sources that the voltage for any electrical circuit can come from. Compare and contrast a series and parallel circuit. The students worked on the lab during the work session by building electrical circuits and filling out the corresponding lab worksheet. The concept of series and parallel circuits is a fundamental one to get across to kids. The visual you have included for electron flow is fantastic and really helped them understand how current is divided in a parallel circuit. Patterns and Functions Worksheet. You have to use two kids per lab team to do this - unless you order extra light bulbs/LED. Parallel circuits are set up so that the current has an independent path to take through. False One of the four basic steps in reducing a combination circuit to its simplest form is to __?__. We offer free science fair ideas suitable for every grade level, be it preschool, kindergarten, elementary school, middle school, or high school. Once completed, the students answered a second practice CRCT question concerning series and parallel circuits. No installation required! Launch it instantly with one click. Middle-High School; Our Teachers". Vocabulary: Define these words on a sheet of paper or in your science notebook. ab c [1] [1] [1] 5 Use Kirchhoff’s second law to calculate the current I in the circuit shown below. A review of all physics topics within the high school physics curriculum, specifically geared towards Regents Physics. Also accompanying active studio flip chart for use on Interactive Whiteboard for highlighting etc. Displaying all worksheets related to - Calculating Voltage. SERIES AND PARALLEL CIRCUITS 1. Includes current, potential difference, resistance as well as series and parallel circuits. • use symbols to draw the different circuits they created. High School Electric Circuits Lesson Plan A Simple Computer Background Computers are made up of 1000's of simple circuits like this one. Current, which is the flow of electrons in a circuit, can be carried through wires, barriers, and any functional pieces of circuits, like lights. I-V curves should show similarity between groups, and be labeled and titled correctly. speed of sound problems. 2 Harmonic Motion Graphs 20. After reading this section you will be able to do the following: Explain how a circuit is formed. Fordham High School for the Arts 6. Christmas tree lights Parallel Circuits both ends of a component are connected e. So in this video I'm gonna actually start working with this expression a little bit more. This is because there is only one path for electrons to flow in a series circuit. can someone please suggset me some reviews on related literature on this. Electricty and the Mains. series amp parallel circuit class exercises, electronics series circuits aptitude questions and answers, series and parallel circuit worksheet with answers by, series circuit problems episode 903 answer key pdf amazon s3, series circuit problems episode 903 answers key pdf, 2712 1 page 1 name series and parallel circuits, series circuit problems episode 903 answer key pdf, series dc circuits. A simulation is used to visualize electron flow through both circuit types. The voltage, or potential difference, across each branch of a parallel circuit is the same, but the currents may vary. Oct 8, 2015 - parallel and series circuits for elementary school - Google Search. com Parallel Circuits These circuits differ from series circuits in that instead of only one path for the current to go, there are as many paths as there are components connected in parallel. series circuit? How does the motion of the electrons through the resistors compare to those from the battery? Measure the voltage and resistance at each indicated spot and record in the chart above. Erosion Weathering. Comprehension: Electrical Schematics (middle/high school) Explains the purpose of electrical schematics, shows the basic electrical symbols, then checks comprehension with unlabeled symbols and worksheets for completing the circuit and finding the short. Lab Manual (including worksheets) Introduction. Series and Parallel Circuits Series Circuit In series circuits, all components are connected end-to-end to form only one path for electrons to flow through the circuit: Voltage drops add to equal total voltage. Circuits require a closed loop to operate; that is they need a path for the electric current to return to its source. With a basis in understanding a force field and how to calculate and monitor electric potentials, students will diagram, construct, and interpret electric circuits. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Series And Parallel Circuit. force worksheets for grade what are magnets worksheet electrical circuit worksheets circuits worksheet electric grade fractions worksheets free fraction worksheets free grade science electricity worksheets static worksheet for magnetism worksheet answers new magnetic worksheets magnetic series and parallel circuits worksheet middle school best electric circuits worksheets with answers work. Series and Parallel Circuits: Description This is a good "review" of concepts pertaining to current and voltage in series and parallel circuits; yet an introduction to power in circuits. Make a second parallel circuit with a 12 Ω and a 24Ω resistor. The method of calculating the circuits equivalent resistance is the same as that for any individual series or parallel circuit and hopefully we now know that resistors in series carry exactly the. This is because there is only one path for electrons to flow in a series circuit. Series Circuit HW Problem #2 Parallel Circuits worksheet. Theory In the previous experiment, you constructed 4 circuits, each circuit built with one resistive element. This lesson focuses on how series circuits work with a focus on how resistors affect the flow of electrons in a. After finding the value of this, we calculated the time constant in the series circuit, using the equation: ( 1. Part 1: Answer the following questions (20 points) Name and describe the components needed to make a complete circuit. 2 Harmonic Motion Graphs 20. A parallel circuit comprises branches so that the current divides and only part of it flows through any branch. Two page lab that has students building series and parallel circuits with Elenco Snap Circuit kit. ab c [1] [1] [1] 5 Use Kirchhoff’s second law to calculate the current I in the circuit shown below. Insert the wires of these leads into the circuit board across the three resistors in series with the two multimeters set to voltage (V) and current (A) as shown in the Figures 6 and 7.